Fonte immagine: MASE - Ruanda

Rwanda is a small mountainous country in central Africa, the average altitude of Rwanda is about 2,000 meters, with some peaks exceeding 4,000 meters.

Its recent history was marked by the genocide in 1994. In just over 100 days it is estimated that 1 million people lost their lives, mostly of the Tutsi ethnic group, who constituted the social elite of the country, massacred at the hands of regular army. This historic conflict between ethnic groups has long jeopardized the country's economic development.

The territory is rich in water, with its rivers and streams that are part of the Nile and Congo basin. There are numerous lakes such as Kivu, Nkombo and Lake Rweru. Despite the geographical position close to the Equator, Rwanda's climate is influenced more by altitude and is, therefore, temperate with copious annual rainfall especially in the more mountainous region to the north-west and less abundant in the eastern savannahs.

It is the exploitation of its large water resources that guarantees the country a broad coverage of its energy needs, with production from renewable sources for over 75%, and independence from supplies, although millions of inhabitants do not have access to the electricity grid yet.

The collaboration of MASE with the Rwandan Ministry of the Environment was born in 2016 with the first agreement signed in Marrakech, and then continued with the current agreement signed in Glasgow in 2021. In 2018, cooperation in Rwanda was also enriched by the agreement signed with the Global Green Growth Institute.

The Sustainable Urban Wetlands Development within Kigali City project is currently being implemented.



First meeting of the Joint Committee under the Memorandum of Understanding

Sharm El Sheikh, November 11, 2022. In the context of COP 27, the first meeting of the Joint Committee between MASE and the Rwandan Ministry of the Environment was held within the framework of the new Memorandum of Understanding, signed in Glasgow in 2021…

Side Event COP27 Rapid urban growth, development possibilities

What are the environmental challenges and development opportunities related to the rapid urban growth of large African megalopolises and beyond? This is the question that Italy and Rwanda tried to answer today in the context of Cop27, Innovative Approaches to Restoration and Conservation of Urban Wetlands, the case study of the “Sustainable Urban Wetlands Development  in Kigali City”project.


    Memorandum of Understanding (Glasgow, November 2021 – 2026)

Counterpart: Ministry of the Environment of the Republic of Rwanda.
Intervention areas:

  • Support for the implementation, monitoring, reporting and communication of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs);
  • Collection, analysis and dissemination of data relating to the observation of climate change and the measurement of its impact on potentially vulnerable economic sectors;
  • Improved risk assessment and disaster management;
  • Promotion of biodiversity;
  • Promotion of sustainable forest management;
  • Promotion of sustainable and integrated land use;
  • Sustainable and integrated water management;
  • Waste management;
  • Development of public education and awareness campaigns on global climate change and sustainable development;
  • Strengthening public participation and exchange of good practices.
- Italy-Rwanda Memorandum of Understanding (November 11, 2021, EN)


    GGGI Agreement (January 2018 – January 2019)

“ Climate change Vulnerability, Adaptation and Mitigation”


    Current projects
MASE Financing

 Sustainable Urban Wetlands Development within Kigali City

Euro 1,016,000



    11/11/2022   First meeting of the Joint Committee
    10/11/2022   Side Event COP27 Rapid urban growth, development possibilities


MoU Archive 



Ultimo aggiornamento 25.05.2023