Chile is one of the richest states in the world if you look at the water reserves at its disposal: it overlooks the Pacific Ocean and has infinite expanses of ice in the central and southern parts. Its coast, about 4,200 km long, has many different climates, in the north, desert areas, in the center a Mediterranean climate and, in the south, an oceanic climate. Today it is evident how these climates are becoming "extreme". A particular example is the Lago de Aculeo, southeast of the capital, which disappeared in 2016 after 5 years of drought.
Despite this, Chile is a country considered to be at the forefront in the Latin American region for its environmental policies. On June 13, 2022, the Framework Law on Climate Change was promulgated. This defines national climate governance by identifying the responsibilities and competences of the various state bodies, while allowing the necessary flexibility and autonomy to pursue specific actions, and setting the target for greenhouse gases. In this regard, Chile has pledged to convert 70% of its total energy consumption to renewables by 2030, and to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. In 2014, Chile also adopted a National Plan for Adaptation to climate changes, which identifies transversal actions and specific plans for the agro-forestry, biodiversity, fishing and aquaculture, health, infrastructural services, cities and energy sectors, (the latter under development).
Another important sector is that of the circular economy. In 2016, Chile enacted the Responsibility Extended to the Producer and the Promotion of Recycling within the Framework Law for Waste Management, with the aim of decreasing the production of waste and promoting its reuse, recycling or other type of enhancement. The Law focuses, in particular, on the following priority products: lubricating oils, batteries, electrical and electronic waste, tyres and packaging. For each of which a decree is prepared with specific objectives. In 2019, the Chilean Ministry of the Environment launched a participatory process that led to the publication of the Action Plan for a Circular Chile in 2040, which aims to promote a regenerative circular economy that pushes Chile towards a fair and participatory sustainable development, putting people's well-being as a priority.
On July 4, 2023, a Memorandum of Understanding between MASE and the Chilean Ministry of the Environment was signed in for a joint environmental cooperation, especially on the issues of circular economy, water management and ecological transition.
The signature on the occasion of the visit of the President Sergio Mattarella. Agreement on topics of mutual interest: circular economy, water management and ecological transition.
Rome, July 6- On the occasion of the visit to Chile by the President of the Republic Sergio Mattarella, the Memorandum of Understanding was signed between MASE and the Chilean Ministry of the Environment.
Memorandum of Understanding (Santiago, July 2023 – July 2028)
Counterparty: Chilean Ministry of the Environment, (MMA)
Areas of intervention:
- Improve the management of water resources and protect water-related ecosystems, (SDG 6);
- Promote the adoption of conscious consumption patterns, (SDG 12);
- Strengthen and coordinate efforts to combat global climate change and address its adverse effects, (SDG 13);
- Promote sustainable use of oceans, seas and marine resources, (SDG 14);
- Protect, restore and enhance the sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, (SDG 15);
- Increase international support for capacity building in developing countries, (SDG 17).
- Memorandum of Understanding with the Ministry of the Environment (July 7, 2023, EN-IT-ES)